In this transition period of the Biedermeier period to the Art nouveau, gigantic amounts of garnets were mined in Bohemia. The jewellery traditionally set with many small stones was estimated far across the European borders and helped this ‚traditional jewellery‘ to international reputation. The ‚gemstone of the man in the street‘, as the garnet was cleverly called in Historicism, determined the way of dressing and decorating in the 2nd half of the 19th century in the German-speaking area. Still today antique jewellery with the seal of ‚Bohemian garnet’enjoys immense popularity even today. The masterly compositions in silver or tombac settings (partially gold-plated) are considered as art-historically valuable. The stone is affectionately called ‚fire eye of Bohemia‘. Its passionate red captivates from the first glance. The inner fire of this stone was estimated as an apotropaic force by researchers and travellers already in ancient Egypt.
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