Gems enliven the senses and set pure happiness free. The fascination of the colourful, delicate polished natural minerals has grown steadily in the past centuries. Of course the popularity of individual stones within the past epochs sometimes stood under influences of social circumstances. Although an elaborately polished gemstone stands above any stylistic doubt today, always a certain ‘trend’ played in the art and fashion a role in its popularity.

The colourless diamond, for example, was not always the most sought after gemstone, just like it is now in its wide distribution. Only through the development of the corresponding good cleavage, sawing and grinding techniques in the 19th century succeeded the old jeweller masters to increase the reflections in the diamond significantly. This increased the fascination and clearly gave the popularity of diamonds hitherto unimagined relapses.

The diamond is now generally regarded as the most precious stone, closely followed by ruby. This has probably also because of its red colour, which stands for blood, life and especially love, a special place in the antique jewellery production.

A close relationship to ruby has the blue sapphire. Its relatively frequent occurrence brought him especially in the 20th century a wide spreading. He also belongs to the yearning gems because blue represents distance, water and the sky.

The association of boundless wideness of the sapphire also enchanted already in the jewellery of the Victorian era together with the artful interplay with gold and diamonds.

As solitary eye-catcher it sets longing for life and ‘sea’ free. A similar relationship as the sapphire to ruby has the emerald to the aquamarine. They are two also very popular jewellery gems, with not only chemical but also emotional matches.

The bright, vibrant green emerald sympathizes with the bright blue of the aquamarine. The shades of aquamarine ranging from gentle ocean blue to intense blue with partially occurring greenish sheen. The bright green of the emerald is something more determined. The importance of the emerald’s ancient jewellery dating back to ancient Egypt is much greater! Green generally represents hope and nature.

It sets beneficial feelings free, just by looking at it. Emeralds worn in pendants directly on the skin, artfully set in gold and f.e. accompanied with pearls in the Edwardian era, unfold a fascinating attraction. Some of the most beautiful engagement rings also decorate an emerald and is thus, as the ruby, a stone of love, hope and fidelity.

However, the huge demand for green, the emerald cannot cover alone. Therefore, a further, usually light green gemstone is very popular: the peridot. Similar to the aquamarine, this sometimes rather sleepy-looking gemstone is surrounding a mythical aura of friendship and the expulsion of terror and resentment.